By Stephen R. Schiffer
Stephen Schiffer offers a groundbreaking account of which means and trust, and exhibits the way it can light up quite a number an important difficulties concerning language, brain, wisdom, and ontology. He introduces the hot doctrine of 'pleonastic propositions' to give an explanation for what the issues we suggest and think are. He discusses the relation among semantic and mental evidence, at the one hand, and actual evidence, at the different; vagueness and indeterminacy; ethical fact; conditionals; and the position of propositional content material in details acquisition and clarification. This radical new therapy of that means will command the eye of every body who works on basic questions on language, and should allure a lot curiosity from different parts of philosophy.
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Extra resources for The Things We Mean
Especially important in this regard is the way in which contextually determined criteria for truth-evaluating belief reports both determine and individuate the propositions to which the that-clauses in those reports refer. An important upshot of this extended discussion is that it enables us to conceptualize pleonastic propositions as both fine-grained and unstructured. Chapters 3 to 8 comprise the second part of the book, wherein the theory of pleonastic propositions is brought to bear on certain issues in the theory of content.
Most of all, I must thank Michele Crow and Joe Schiffer for the fun I had with them when I wasn't writing this book. S. viii CONTENTS Introduction 1 1 The Face-Value Theory 11 2 Pleonastic Propositions 49 3 Meanings and Knowledge of Meaning 99 4 Having Meaning 156 5 Vagueness and Indeterminacy 178 6 Moral Realism and Indeterminacy 238 7 Conditionals and Indeterminacy 265 8 Why Pleonastic Propositions? x Introduction Stephen Schiffer Do there exist such things as the things we mean? If so, then those things are also the things we believe, and the things in terms of which we must understand not only the meanings of linguistic expressions, but their references and truth-value as well.
It holds that 'A believes that S' is true just in case A stands in the belief relation to the proposition that S. The theory constrains, but provides no complete account of, the nature of the propositions we believe. Most face-value theorists hold that the propositions we believe are structured, and the big contest here is between Russellian and Fregean propositions. Both conceptions are problematic. 1 INTRODUCTION A major theme of this book will be that all notions of linguistic and mental content are ultimately to be explained in terms of the things we mean and believe, and that these fundamental units of content are propositions of a certain kind, which, for reasons that will emerge, I call pleonastic propositions.
The Things We Mean by Stephen R. Schiffer