By Jorrit de Jong, Gowher Rizvi
This e-book records a worrisome hole among rules and perform in democratic governance. The nation of entry is a comparative, cross-disciplinary exploration of the ways that democratic associations fail or be successful to create the equivalent possibilities that they've promised to convey to the folks they serve. In thought, principles and rules may well officially warrantly entry to democratic techniques, public companies, and justice. yet truth mostly disappoints, for a couple of reasons—exclusionary policymaking, inadequate recognition to minorities, underfunded associations, rigid bureaucracies. The kingdom of entry is helping shut the distance among the aptitude and function in democratic governance.
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Additional resources for The State of Access: Success and Failure of Democracies to Create Equal Opportunities (Innovative Governance in the 21st Century)
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Especially for the poor and for women, who own little private land, they have been critical for survival. In the 1980s, for instance, in India’s semi-arid regions, the landless and land-poor procured over 90 percent of their firewood and satisfied 69 to 89 percent of their grazing needs from common pool resources (Jodha 1986). At that time, firewood alone provided 65 to 67 percent of total domestic energy in the hills and desert areas of India and over 90 percent in Nepal (Agarwal 1987). This situation remained largely unchanged even into the early 1990s, when community forestry programs were formally launched in both countries.
Lukes, S. 1974. Power: A Radical View. London: Macmillan. Moore, M. 1995. Creating Public Value: Strategic Management in Government. Harvard University Press. , P. D. Zelikow, and D. King. 1997. Why People Don’t Trust Government. Harvard University Press. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and the World Bank. 2006. Liberalization and Universal Access to Basic Services: Telecommunications, Water and Sanitation, Financial Services and Electricity. Paris: OECD Publications. , and P.
The State of Access: Success and Failure of Democracies to Create Equal Opportunities (Innovative Governance in the 21st Century) by Jorrit de Jong, Gowher Rizvi