By William W. Freehling
Why did the Confederacy lose the Civil battle? such a lot historians aspect to the bigger variety of Union troops, for instance, or the North's better commercial may possibly. Now, within the South Vs. the South, one among America's best professionals at the Civil conflict period deals a wholly new solution to this query. William Freehling argues that anti-Confederate Southerners--specifically, border country whites and southern blacks--helped expense the Confederacy the conflict. White males in such border states as Missouri, Kentucky, and Maryland, Freehling issues out, have been divided of their loyalties--but way more joined the Union military (or easily stayed domestic) than marched off in accomplice grey. in the event that they had enlisted as insurgent troops within the similar percentage as white males did farther south, their numbers might have offset all of the accomplice casualties in the course of 4 years of warfare. furthermore, while these states stayed dependable, nearly all of the South's city inhabitants and commercial capability remained in Union arms. and lots of disregard, Freehling writes, that the slaves' personal judgements ended in a chain of white judgements (culminating within the Emancipation Proclamation) that grew to become federal forces into a military of liberation, depriving the South of work and including crucial troops to the blue ranks. even if revising our notion of slavery or of Abraham Lincoln, or constructing the antecedents of Martin Luther King, or reading Union army procedure, or uncovering new meanings in what's arguably America's maximum piece of sculpture, Augustus St.-Gaudens' Shaw Memorial, Freehling writes with piercing perception and rhetorical verve. Concise and provocative, The South Vs. the South will perpetually swap the best way we view the Civil warfare.
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Additional resources for The South Vs. The South: How Anti-Confederate Southerners Shaped the Course of the Civil War
Enslaved areas stretched westward from Delaware and Maryland on the Atlantic Ocean through Kentucky to Missouri across the Mississippi River. S. 3 percent in 1860. 7 percent of its population, the Border South grew almost none of the South's cotton, sugar, or rice. Sandwiched between Lower and Border Souths, the four Middle South states stretched westward from Virginia and North Carolina on the Atlantic Ocean through Tennessee to Arkansas across the Mississippi River. S. slaves in 1790, plunged to 30 percent in 1860.
All traded predominantly with the North. All developed Yankee-style factories and growth rates. All grew far larger than every southern city except New Orleans. All generated Yankee-style politics, often centered on disenfranchising immigrants rather than defending slavery. All these booming cities, surrounded by largely slaveless farmers, made the upper ninth of the South primarily an a-southern hinterland of the North. 23 THE OTHER HOUSE DIVIDED Borderites seemed especially a-southern in their tolerance for softness on slavery, particularly when the softheart was a softspoken native rather than a belligerent Yankee.
But while white employees cursed slave competitors, free black competitors would double the curse. Thus in the late 1850s, white urban proletarians demanded not that slave competitors be freed but that free black competitors be enslaved. That lower-class demand did not provoke an upper-class shudder, not with many slaveholders wishing that free blacks could be enslaved or ousted. 21 THE OTHER HOUSE DIVIDED Northern abolitionists provoked slaveholders to fury rather than shudder. Uniquely in the Americas, zealous crusaders labeled slaveholders as insufferable sinners.
The South Vs. The South: How Anti-Confederate Southerners Shaped the Course of the Civil War by William W. Freehling