By Mohammed Zahid
Framing fiscal and political reform within the center East, this ebook explores the interaction among the Egyptian nation, the Muslim Brotherhood and the politics of succession. Egypt has in recent times skilled an increase in political activism pushed via expanding inner calls for for reform and alter, impacting upon its fiscal and political strategy. key matters were relevant to this: the Muslim Brotherhood, in its evolution from a religious to a political move, and the politics of succession, which has visible the grooming of Gamal Mubarak, son of President Hosni Mubarak, to usher ahead the inheritance of strength in Egypt. This e-book permits a better realizing of the dynamics of authoritarianism and democratisation, and the demanding situations and dilemmas which any destiny Egyptian reform technique will face within the context of succession to Hosni Mubarak.
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Additional resources for The Muslim Brotherhood and Egypt's Succession Crisis: The Politics of Liberalisation and Reform in the Middle East (Library of Modern Middle East Studies)
Muhammad Mahdi Akhef, the supreme guide of the MB in Egypt, declared: ‘The Muslim Brotherhood rejects all shapes of foreign hegemony, and denounces foreign interference in the affairs of Egypt or any other Arab or Islamic country’ (Islam Online, 4 March 2004). 38 THE MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD AND EGYPT’S SUCCESSION CRISIS The Bush administration’s lack of credibility did not help its democratisation programme. The US is viewed as championing the ideals of democracy and freedom while at the same time supporting the policies of the Israeli state, which occupies Palestinian territories.
4 Islamists and obstacles to change in the Middle East Islamists have developed into key political actors, and are firmly entrenched in the political landscape of the Middle East. However, they face a number of obstacles in their quest to change the rules and networks of the political game. The first obstacle is the growing convergence and interaction between the state and business sectors. This is a process by which individuals from the state apparatus, and (in the Gulf) from royal families, are active in economic and business ventures, and so step over into the private sector.
For example, many secularist writers in the West and the Middle East have sought to remove Islam from any definition of civil society, reasoning that religion-centred societies are incompatible with liberal democracy and more conducive to patriarchies, with power concentrated in the hands of an individual or a small elite (Zubaida, 2001; Cavatorta, 2006). At the foreign-policy level, a number of academics and policy institutes have warned the US about the role of Islamist actors in Arab civil society: they are seen as unfavourable towards democracy, even though they may deploy its rhetoric (Cavatorta, 2006; Hawthorne, 2004).
The Muslim Brotherhood and Egypt's Succession Crisis: The Politics of Liberalisation and Reform in the Middle East (Library of Modern Middle East Studies) by Mohammed Zahid