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The Great Philosophers: Ayer - download pdf or read online

By Oswald Hanfling

ISBN-10: 0753801825

ISBN-13: 9780753801826

In line with Ayer, philosophy is an job of study, no longer a way to fact. First ideas and metaphysical truths can neither be confirmed or denied byphilosophical enquiry. He attempted to turn out that verifibility (whether a proposition could be proven to be real or fake) was once the main precept of philosophical method.

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Then, with slow and hesitating words, he replied: 'Well,... J. Ayer in the late 1980s. '^^ 'A fairly competent mathematician', he observed, 'can tell at a glance that 37 + 37 = 74. '^^ Yet, he argued, 'since multiplication is definable in terms of addition, it is absurd to put these propositions into separate categories'. But from the point of view of the programme of LTL, there is good reason for putting them into separate categories. The essential question there, as we saw, is whether mathematical statements can be informative whether they have 'factual content' or merely 'tell us what we already know'.

But is this a statement about a present or future experience? This is what Ayer must hold, in accordance with the phenomenalist analysis. ) In LTL he had claimed that to say of a person that he remembers 'is to say merely that some of [his] senseexperiences . . contain memory images which correspond to the sense-contents which have previously occurred in the sense-history' of that person (LTL 166). But one may remember that the leaves rustled without having such images; and conversely, one may have such images without remembering that the leaves rustled: one may be imagining this as opposed to remembering it.

DERK: R A P I I A E I AJ. Ayer 1910 - 1989 Ayer is best remembered for Lmignage, Truth mid Logic (1936), which introduced British and American readers to the logical positivism of the Vienna circle. Hanfling shows in this introduction to Ayer's work how he turned this philosophy into a form of British empiricism in the tradition of H u m e . According to Ayer, philosophy is an activity oi malysis. Metaphysical truths can be neither established nor refuted by philosophical enquiry: they are meaningless.

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The Great Philosophers: Ayer by Oswald Hanfling


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