Read e-book online The Bulgarian Jews and the Final Solution PDF

By Frederick B. Chary

ISBN-10: 0822932512

ISBN-13: 9780822932512

Virtually all of Bulgaria's Jewish electorate escaped the horrors of the Polish demise camps and survived both emigrate to Israel or to stay of their native land. Frederick Chary relates the heritage of the Bulgarian government's coverage towards the Jews and the way the decision and ethical braveness of a small state might effectively thwart the ultimate Solution.

Dr. Chary makes use of the German diplomatic papers captured on the finish of the warfare, released and unpublished Bulgarian resources, files in Bulgaria and Israel, in addition to own interviews with survivors and previous diplomats and officers to bare intensely dramatic and relocating stories-the nonetheless mysterious loss of life of King Boris, the intrigues through which Bulgaria stalled deportation, the expulsion of Jews from the recent territories, and examples of guilt, appeasement, and courage.

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Example text

We may conclude that Bulgarian anti-Semitism in the thirties was imported and concentrated in a few relatively small organizations. Rural native anti-Semitism lacked real political importance because it was not so deep and violent as to be of use to the Nazis, and because of differences between the people of the countryside and the rulers of the government. On the whole, Bulgaria had less anti-Semitism than other countries of the Western world; and, moreover, an important sec­ tion of the Bulgarian intelligentsia had developed the idea that its country was not anti-Semitic and that this tolerance was something in which to take pride.

At this juncture the Bulgarian government assumed some of the rabbi’s functions. Several of the no­ tables left the consistory, giving the body an even more Zionist charac­ ter. The Zionists were also a democratic and radical influence. They advocated schools independent of the synagogues, a graduated tax instead of a poll tax for the community, and equal suffrage regardless of position or wealth. In 1920, a general congress was convened, in which the Zionists had overwhelming control. They elected a new consistory and revised the rules for the organization of the Jewish community, stressing the nation­ al and religious unity of all Jews.

The community chose its chief rabbi through its governing body of both rabbis and laymen, the central consistory. , lawsuits), which pertained solely to the Jewish community. The Bulgarian government paid the chief rabbi’s salary. In addition, the consistory had the right to levy imposts on the entire community to meet its own expenses. The Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Religious Cults supervised the legal structure of all religious communities in the state. 72 percent. 82 percent. 80 Source: Bulgaria, Direction Générale de la Statistique, Annuaire Statistique, 27 (1935), pp.

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The Bulgarian Jews and the Final Solution by Frederick B. Chary

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