Minority Studies

Download e-book for kindle: The Atlanta Riot: Race, Class, and Violence in a New South by Gregory Mixon

By Gregory Mixon

ISBN-10: 081302787X

ISBN-13: 9780813027876

Gregory Mixon lines the roots of the Atlanta insurrection of 1906, exploring the complex political, social, and concrete stipulations that ended in one of many defining occasions of race kin in southern and African-American background. On September 22, 1906, numerous thousand white Atlantans rioted, ostensibly simply because they believed that black males had devoted "repeated attacks at the white ladies of Fulton County," in accordance with newspapers on the time. 4 days after the bloodbath begun, 32 humans had died and 70 have been wounded.
Mixon recognizes the normal interpretation of things that brought about the riot--postbellum race kin and the codification of Jim Crow, an inflammatory press, and the race-baiting strategies of the gubernatorial applicants Hoke Smith and Clark Howell. yet he argues complicated coalition of Atlanta's white advertisement and civic leaders additionally contributed to political divisions inside Georgia's Democratic occasion and to the revolt besides. As Atlanta's elite crafted new sorts of segregation and modes of disempowering blacks (and additionally working-class whites), Mixon says, their machinations led on to the tragedy.
At the flip of the 20 th century, urbanization and industrialization have been altering Atlanta's racial obstacles, and black Atlantans aspired to be urban developers either of their neighborhoods and in larger Atlanta. They competed with whites for jobs and public house. The transforming into autonomy and political impact of blacks threatened white supremacy, Mixon says, and the violence of 1906 was once an test via Atlanta's elites to reaffirm their dominance.
 Mixon additionally records the activism of the city's black elite, specially professors and directors at Atlanta collage, together with W.E.B. Du Bois and John wish, and ministers, such a lot particularly Rev. Henry Hugh Proctor. whereas they defended all blacks opposed to notions of racial inferiority and labored to enhance the lives of the terrible and uneducated of either races, they still criticized individuals of the black operating category for "irregular" paintings conduct and "destructive" use in their relaxation hours.
Looking at either white and black matters within the development of Atlanta, this e-book establishes a context for racial violence within the urban, the country, and the zone. It additionally increases broader questions of conflicting agendas between whites and blacks that outlined exertions, politics, and concrete area within the New South.

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Extra info for The Atlanta Riot: Race, Class, and Violence in a New South City

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According to Smith and Gray, for instance, railroads cultivated and utilized the black vote in order to thwart reform. With this mind-set, the new Progressives supported extending the Jim Crow segregation initiated in  by a Populist-controlled Georgia legislature under Speaker Clark Howell. 39 While embracing Speaker Howell’s segregation, the Progressives saw Clark Howell as the chief defender of machine politics and main opponent of the white primary. 40 In , George Hillyer and Hoke Smith were appointed to a citizens committee to revise the city’s charter, reprising the effort Hillyer led twenty-seven years earlier that undercut black and working-class political influence in city government.

William M. Brantley, son of a prominent local physician, alleged he “was cut” in an altercation with five “intoxicated” blacks. The conductor claimed Brantley and his brothers-in-law, J. H. Bullard and J. M. ”38 One “EKF,” in a letter to the Constitution entitled “Separate Cars for Negroes,” called on the city council and newly franchised Georgia Railway and Electric Company to implement the  Separate Car Law. Otherwise, EKF advocated replacing it with State Senator H. B. ” The writer also condemned white men for compelling “ladies and children, mothers, [and] wives .

But Smith became disillusioned with Grady and Howell before Grady’s death in . He purchased his own paper, the Atlanta Journal, in . In  a Democrat won the White House, and Hoke Smith was appointed secretary of the interior in the first Grover Cleveland administration. Smith thus became the “chief administration spokesman in Georgia,” meaning he had charge of Georgia’s federal patronage, and he catapulted over the Howells as political boss of Georgia. Cleveland’s opposition to the free coinage of silver, however, made Smith unpopular among Georgia farmers.

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The Atlanta Riot: Race, Class, and Violence in a New South City by Gregory Mixon

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