Agricultural Sciences

Read e-book online Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Cuba PDF

By Sinan Koont

ISBN-10: 0813037573

ISBN-13: 9780813037578

 

“Pushed via necessity yet enabled via its current social and academic regulations, Cuba within the Nineteen Nineties introduced the main huge application of city sustainable agriculture on the earth. This research is up to now the single book-length research in both English or Spanish of this significant nationwide test in remodeling the environmental, fiscal, and social nature of today’s dominant approach of manufacturing food.”—Al Campbell, college of Utah
 
As large-scale commercial agriculture comes less than expanding scrutiny as a result of its petroleum- and petrochemical-based enter bills and environmentally objectionable outcomes, expanding recognition has been excited about sustainable, neighborhood, and agro-ecological innovations in nutrients creation. Cuba used to be pressured by way of old conditions to be one of many pioneers within the immense program of those techniques.
After the dying of the Soviet Union within the early Nineties, Cuba was once left with out entry to exterior aid had to keep on with business agriculture. the industrial trouble led the rustic to re-examine their former versions of source administration. Cuba retooled its agricultural courses to target city agriculture—sustainable, ecologically sound farming as regards to densely populated components. foodstuff now takes a long way much less time to get to the folks, who're now greater nourished simply because they've got more straightforward entry to complete meals. additionally, city farming has develop into a resource of nationwide pride—Cuba has the best city agriculture courses on the planet, with a thousand-fold raise in city agricultural output seeing that 1994.
Sinan Koont has spent the final a number of years learning city agriculture in Cuba, together with box paintings at many sustainable farms at the island. He tells the tale of why and the way Cuba was able to show to city nutrients construction on a wide scale with minimum use of chemical substances, petroleum, and equipment, and of the successes it achieved—along with the ongoing problems it nonetheless faces in decreasing its desire for meals imports.
 
Sinan Koont is affiliate professor of economics at Dickinson College.
 
A quantity within the sequence modern Cuba, edited via John M. Kirk

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Mixture of crops in close proximity, intercropping), and diversity had led to erosion on 65% of agricultural land, with 25% of the land experiencing severe or very severe erosion. 5 million ha of land. 1 million ha) also became evident. 2% of Cuban agricultural lands could be classified as very productive or productive (Nova González 2008g). Cuban Agriculture: Historical Background and Key Concepts · 23 Of course, this accumulation of negative factors could not help but be reflected in efficiency indicators for the agricultural sector.

It did not, however, resolve all the difficulties facing Cuban agriculture (Alvarez 2004a: 75–87; Royce 2004). The Turn to an Agroecological Approach Cuba’s population is overwhelmingly urban, with more than 90% living in and around cities. The reforms of 1993 left essentially unresolved how to supply this majority with adequate nutrition, given the chronic shortage of petroleum for food transportation. A way of growing and distributing food that minimized use of petroleum-based inputs was urgently needed.

The first harbinger was growing dissatisfaction with the performance of enormous Soviet-style state farms practicing industrial agriculture. This dissatisfaction was one of the earliest expressions of the current worldwide awakening and evolution toward the advocacy and practice of ecological, sustainable agriculture. In Cuba’s case, by the late 1980s the centrally planned, latifundio-style monoculture farming of sugar and other crops was facing increasing physical and organizational limitations, leading to stagnation, if not in absolute production at least in productivity growth.

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Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Cuba by Sinan Koont


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