By Alan E. Steinweis
Early in his political profession, Adolf Hitler declared the significance of what he known as “an antisemitism of reason.” decided to not depend completely on conventional, cruder sorts of prejudice opposed to Jews, he was hoping that his exclusionary and violent rules will be legitimized via clinical scholarship. the outcome was once a irritating, and long-overlooked, point of nationwide Socialism: Nazi Jewish reviews. learning the Jew investigates the careers of some dozen German students who solid an interdisciplinary box, drawing upon reviews in anthropology, biology, faith, background, and the social sciences to create a accomplished portrait of the Jew—one with devastating effects. operating in the universities and study associations of the 3rd Reich, those males fabricated an intricate empirical foundation for Nazi antisemitic regulations. They supported the Nazi crusade opposed to Jews through defining them as racially alien, morally corrupt, and inherently legal. In a chilling tale of teachers who perverted their skills and distorted their examine in help of persecution and genocide, learning the Jew explores the intersection of ideology and scholarship, the kingdom and the college, the highbrow and his motivations, to supply a brand new appreciation of the use and abuse of studying and the horrors perpetrated within the identify of cause. (20070701)
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Extra info for Studying the Jew: Scholarly Antisemitism in Nazi Germany
Much of the emerging literature cited by Günther was also appearing in the Archives of Racial and Social Biology (Archiv für Rassen- und Gesellschaftsbiologie), a journal that was issued by J. F. Lehmann, Günther’s own publisher, and whose board of editors included the prominent scientists Fritz Lenz and Eugen Fischer. It would not be an overstatement to say that Günther’s Racial Characteristics of the Jewish People became a touchstone work for Nazi Jewish studies, laying out a research agenda in a number of fields.
The Jews should be properly understood not as a race but rather as a mixture of races constituting a Volk. 11 Günther reflected mainstream race theory in arguing that all of the peoples of the modern era had been produced by the mixing of prehistoric races that long ago had ceased to exist in their pure forms. The identities and locations of these original races, as well as their physical and cultural characteristics, had been matters of debate for decades. In various works published during the 1920s, Günther posited a racial typology in which 10 ur-races accounted for the composition of the peoples of modern Europe.
In the Nazi period, Jewish religious texts, especially the Talmud, remained important sources for anti-Jewish research, but antisemitic scholars now had a far greater bounty with which to work than did their predecessors from earlier centuries. In the intervening period, Jews had produced an immense body of nonreligious scholarship about themselves and their history. This began with the nineteenth-century movement known as the “science of Judaism” (Wissenschaft des Judentums), continued late in that century with the emergence of an anti-antisemitic race science, and advanced further in the early decades of the twentieth century with the advent of Jewish social science, specifically sociology and statistics, epitomized by the work of Arthur Ruppin.
Studying the Jew: Scholarly Antisemitism in Nazi Germany by Alan E. Steinweis