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Studying Human Behavior: How Scientists Investigate by Helen E. Longino PDF

By Helen E. Longino

In learning Human habit, Helen E. Longino enters into the complexities of human behavioral examine, a website nonetheless ruled by means of the age-old debate of “nature as opposed to nurture.” instead of aiding one facet or one other or trying to substitute that dichotomy with a unique framework for figuring out habit, Longino makes a speciality of how scientists examine it, in particular sexual habit and aggression, and asks what should be recognized approximately human habit via empirical investigation.
She dissects 5 techniques to the examine of behavior—quantitative behavioral genetics, molecular habit genetics, developmental psychology, neurophysiology and anatomy, and social/environmental methods—highlighting the underlying assumptions of those disciplines, in addition to different questions and mechanisms each one addresses. She additionally analyzes efforts to combine varied methods. Longino concludes that there's no unmarried “correct” process yet that every contributes to our total figuring out of human habit.

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Additional resources for Studying Human Behavior: How Scientists Investigate Aggression and Sexuality

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It also includes professed attitudes of parents to education, discipline, and other factors relevant to childhood experience. Thus, classical behavioral genetics treats the question of interest as directly about nature versus nurture. Some behavioral genetics researchers hope to draw conclusions about individuals from such population data, while others doubt that this can be done. Granting that both the genes and the environment of an organism causally influence its behavior, the behavioral geneticist asks what the genetic contribution to a given behavior is.

This “how much” does not refer di- 28 Chapter Two rectly to influences on individuals, but rather to the relation between genetic variation and trait variation in a population, which is itself measured by the relation between genetic variance and total variance. “Variance” is a technical term, referring to the average of the squared differences of each individual value from the mean population value. The genetic variance is the proportion of total variance attributable to genetic difference in a population.

1% of those in the control group. The researchers differentiated by sex, by history of criminal conviction, and by level of education and concluded from their data (and other studies in similar vein) that experience of abuse as a child is a significant causal factor in adult antisocial personality disorder. They further speculated that special prevention efforts directed toward victims of abuse could reduce later aggressive behavior. In a structured clinical observation study, Lavigueur and colleagues sought to correlate familial interaction patterns with long-term disruptive behavior in eight- and nine-year-old boys.

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Studying Human Behavior: How Scientists Investigate Aggression and Sexuality by Helen E. Longino

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