By Barbara Guterch, Jan Kozák
This booklet examines previous and new facts on a few of the 18th and nineteenth century earthquakes that both happened or have been truly felt in southern areas of Poland. specific emphasis is wear a close research and reinterpretation of the surprisingly critical Outer Western Carpathians earthquake on December three, 1786 (7 I0, 5.3 Mw, 35 km depth), which used to be the final in a sequence of seismic occasions within the years 1785 and 1786. An evaluation is usually made up of what we shortly find out about the seismicity of the Western Carpathians in Poland in response to to instrumental information. The ebook additionally offers fabric in terms of earthquakes of 6-9 I0 that affected south Poland and the encircling areas: Žilina in Slovakia (1858), Gera in Thuringia (1872), the Sudetes at the Czech-Polish border (1883, 1901), and reduce Silesia, Poland (1895). those are analyzed and illustrated by means of 17 modern macroseismic depth maps, a few of that are thought of to be notable for these instances. a brand new seismic catalog for Poland is supplied with amendments and updates as much as the top of 2014. Noteworthy is the information on unexpected occasions: one approximately 60 km NE of the Polish border in 2004 and one in important Poland in 2012. It indicates how vital it truly is, now not least for useful engineering reasons, to accomplish seismic tracking even in doubtless aseismic regions.
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Additional resources for Studies of Historical Earthquakes in Southern Poland: Outer Western Carpathian Earthquake of December 3, 1786, and First Macroseismic Maps in 1858-1901
Kitaibel, in their report on the 1810 Mór earthquake, see below. In the second half of the 19th century, macroseismic cartography advanced rapidly, especially due to conscientiously performed macroseismic analysis of the 1855 Visp earthquake (Wallis, Switzerland), which was presented by Volger (1856 and 1857–1858); 5 years after O. Volger’s publishing of his voluminous monograph, R. Mallet presented his 3-volume work on the 1857 Great Neapolitan earthquake (Mallet 1863). Both monographs represented model examples of the high level macroseismic analysis of a strong earthquake, including cartographic expression of pertinent seismic effects.
This transalpine progress, which became clearly evident since the first years of the 19th century, and which strengthened later in that century, did not occur by chance: in that time German population went on a mass-moving eastward from their traditional seats around Rhine, Danube and Elbe Rivers so that in the course of 18th–19th centuries a large part of Central Europe appeared under German influence, expressed in political and cultural Germanic supervision. As concerns the natural sciences development in this region, one has to admit that the strong German states, Prussian, Hapsburgs’ and Bavarian, undoubtedly appeared in a positive light in numerous aspects.
In: Gutdeutsch R, Grünthal G, Musson R (eds) Historical earthquakes in Central Europe, vol 1. Vienna, pp 33–50 Encyklopedia Krakowa (2000) Stachowski AH (ed) PWN, Warszawa, Kraków, p 561 (in Polish) Frankel A (1994) Implications of felt area-magnitude relations for earthquake scaling and the average frequency of perceptible ground motion. Bull Seismol Soc Am 84:462–465 Gasperini P, Bernardini F, Valensisei G, Boschi E (1999) Defining seismogenic sources from historical earthquakes felt reports.
Studies of Historical Earthquakes in Southern Poland: Outer Western Carpathian Earthquake of December 3, 1786, and First Macroseismic Maps in 1858-1901 by Barbara Guterch, Jan Kozák