New PDF release: Research Methodology: The Aims, Practices and Ethics of

By Peter Pruzan

ISBN-10: 3319271660

ISBN-13: 9783319271668

ISBN-10: 3319271679

ISBN-13: 9783319271675

This ebook is an in-depth advisor to potent medical study. starting from the philosophical to the sensible, it explains on the outset what technological know-how can – and can’t – in achieving, and discusses its dating to arithmetic and legislation. the writer then will pay huge recognition to the clinical strategy, together with experimental layout, verification, uncertainty and records. a big objective of the ebook is to assist younger scientists replicate upon the deeper goals in their paintings and make the easiest use in their abilities in contributing to growth. To this finish, additionally it is sections on making plans learn, on proposing one’s findings in writing, in addition to on ethics and the duties of scientists.

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Extra resources for Research Methodology: The Aims, Practices and Ethics of Science

Example text

At one moment it appears to be a staircase that you look at from above, only to become a staircase that you view from below—and vice versa. Yet it must be the same object that you view since no one has changed the picture and the retinal images do not change. Whether you see the picture as a staircase view from above seems to depend on something other than the image on your retina. If what you see changes, even though the object itself does not change what are the “facts” here? Is what you see “firm and reliable”?

Can science “prove” that something is true, and if so, how? g. usefulness in solving problems or developing technology influence the development of theory? Once again we find that an attempt at providing a simple, straightforward definition of science leads to a number of fundamental questions. Instead of attempting to answer the above questions here, I suggest that no matter how we attempt to provide definitions of “science” we will encounter a series of questions that compel us to reflect a bit deeper as to what we are doing when we perform “science” and what distinguishes science from non-science.

4 The Aims and Claims of Science 39 from using one’s intellectual powers—to grow as a person and to receive recognition from one’s colleagues, and, hopefully, c) to contribute to the well-being of society and of the world. e. on improving the existing descriptions, explanations and predictions as to physical reality. For example, according to (Kitcher 1982 in Klemke et al. 1998; 79): “Scientific investigation aims to disclose the general principles that govern the workings of the universe. These principles are not intended merely to summarize what some select groups of humans have witnessed … Science offers us laws that are supposed to hold universally, and it advances claims that are beyond our power to observe.

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Research Methodology: The Aims, Practices and Ethics of Science by Peter Pruzan

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