By Neil Kraus
During this provocative and in-depth heritage of numerous a long time of modern Buffalo urban politics, Neil Kraus examines the neighborhood political motives at the back of geographic concentrations of poverty. Race, Neighborhoods, and neighborhood energy makes the compelling case that coverage followed on the neighborhood point has had an important impression at the improvement of low-income, segregated city neighborhoods. through interpreting the coverage parts of city housing, city renewal, schooling, reasonable housing, in addition to a number of significant improvement judgements, Kraus bargains an in depth, step by step research of the way every one coverage selection affected the segregation of the city's east aspect, and therefore presents a brand new standpoint at the debate over targeted city coverage.
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Additional resources for Race, Neighborhoods, and Community Power: Buffalo Politics, 1934-1997
Representation and Democracy Giving signiﬁcant attention to race entails close attention to the larger concept of representation. Representation is one of, if not the most important, elements of democracy. Voters elect representatives at every level of government on the assumption that once in ofﬁce, elected ofﬁcials will represent the interests of their constituents. And appointed ofﬁcials, from members of the Supreme Court or president’s cabinet all the way down to municipal board members, are also representatives of the people.
While black representatives in Buffalo had been unable to prevent the numerous actions which segregated the city’s schools in the ﬁrst place, black representation within city government still performed a critical role when the desegregation order was eventually issued. In their extensive study of California cities, Browning, Marshall, and Tabb found similar changes in the atmosphere of city councils once minorities were elected to them: We were told repeatedly that minority councilmembers were important in linking minorities to city hall, in providing role models, and in sensitizing white colleagues to minority concerns.
Underlying an examination of government ofﬁcials in terms of descriptive representation is the assumption that it matters who is in positions of power. This is especially true when one considers the legacy of discrimination faced by both minorities and women over the course of American history. It can be concluded, therefore, that a representative’s racial identity plays a key role in shaping his or her policy preferences and choices. Consideration of the persistence of residential segregation as well as the basic land use functions of local government makes it clear that having a representative group of both elected and appointed ofﬁcials at the local level is critically important.
Race, Neighborhoods, and Community Power: Buffalo Politics, 1934-1997 by Neil Kraus