By Galina Dukova-Zheleva
THIS DISSERTATION PROPOSES A UNIFIED method of THE research OF INTERROGATIVES IN BULGARIAN in line with EXPERIMENTAL information ON WH- AND YES/NO INTERROGATIVES AND at the SEMANTIC research OF POLAR QUESTIONS.
THIS DISSERTATION BRINGS NEW facts CONFIRMING THE lengthy mentioned CONNECTION among INTERROGATIVE phrases AND concentration. IN CONSTITUENT QUESTIONS, THIS RELATION IS mirrored IN THAT WH-WORDS circulation TO SPECFOCP. IN POLAR QUESTIONS, THE influence OF concentration IS MANIFESTED of their FOCUS-DEPENDENT SEMANTICS. THIS paintings indicates that there's a major PARALLEL among POLAR AND CONSTITUENT QUESTIONS, AND THAT FOCUS-SENSITIVE OPERATORS, debris, AND ADVERBS functionality equally throughout diverse LANGUAGES. hence, THIS DISSERTATION ARGUES IN FAVOUR OF the chance THAT FOCUS-DEPENDENCY IS A common estate OF INTERROGATIVES IN common GRAMMAR.
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Additional resources for Questions and Focus in Bulgarian
546, ex. 11b] Rudin (1997) and Rudin et al. (1999) claim that similarly to partial interrogatives, XP-li questions (but not VP-li questions) involve presupposition. The element preceding li is focused, whereas the remaining, unfocused part of the clause is presupposed information. In the same spirit, Rudin et al. (1999) compare the distribution of li in y/n questions in Macedonian and in Bulgarian and attribute the possibility of co-appearance of li and a whword to the fact that wh-words are focused elements in wh-questions.
With regards to the syntax of polar interrogatives, the main problem that has been addressed is the position of the interrogative particle li. Such a particle has been frequently analyzed as a complementizer (Rivero, 1993; Rudin, 1997; Rudin et al. 1999; Bošković, 2000, 2002; Franks and Bošković, 2001; and Franks, 2005 among others). It has also been proposed that the interrogative particle is in fact generated in a lower position than the complementizer, heading a clause-internal focus projection situated between CP and TP (Izvorski, 1995).
12) a) Koj sigurno kakvo e kupil? Who probably what bought Aux. ‟ b) Koj vinagi kakvo e kazval? ‟ Aux. [Lambova (2004) p. 23, ex. 24] As Lambova (2004) notes, the so called wh-cluster can be broken by many parentheticals and also by different types of adverbs. What is more, the PMC raises additional problems for other languages. A general question that this approach cannot answer is why there are languages with wh-in-situ and languages which front only one or all of their wh-words. If a rule must be complied with only once, why is this realized differently cross-linguistically and why are there languages that strictly obey Superiority?
Questions and Focus in Bulgarian by Galina Dukova-Zheleva