By D. Robert Ladd, Anne Cutler (auth.), Dr. Anne Cutler, Dr. D. Robert Ladd (eds.)
Prosody: versions and Measurements is the fruit of a three-day workshop held in Paris in April, 1982. The workshop was once one among a sequence that is backed through the Maison des Sciences de I'Homme below the auspices of the eu Psycho linguistics organization, and which goals to compile staff in a selected box from diverse ecu laboratories and to motivate destiny collaboration throughout neighborhood, nationwide and disciplinary limitations. hence the subject of the workshop - "Prosody" - was once quite liberally interpreted within the invites, and the contributors have been drawn from quite a few history- linguistics, phonetics, psychology. regardless of this range, although, there has been a stunning measure of congruence within the issues mentioned and issues of view followed. we now have tried within the advent to the current quantity to in addition to to account for the draw out the similarities among methods, transformations and to set the person contributions opposed to the heritage of present learn within the box. The e-book isn't really simply a transcript of what was once acknowledged through the periods. all the papers were rewritten by way of the individuals - every so often largely - to mirror the reviews that have been made in dialogue and the issues of touch and war of words that turned obtrusive in the course of the 3 days.
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Extra info for Prosody: Models and Measurements
Nevertheless, the very fact that it is possible to account for the data in all three sets of sentences with the same zero-line declination and the same peak values suggests that there may be some validity to the general approach, since nothing in Cooper and Sorensen's model would lead us to expect a systematic relationship of this sort between peaks in different versions of the same sentence. The more basic point of the example is also clear: the regression line model accepts fairly substantial deviations from predicted values as part of the inherent variability in the data, while the 8 The zero-lines begin and end slightly higher, the longer the sentence; the higher beginning is consistent with the results of Cooper and Sorensen [1981, Chap.
Simultaneous representation of both their similarities and differences. Equipped with just the two features [±delayed peak] and [±raised peak], we can distinguish four functionally distinct accent patterns in the Central Swedish data presented by Bruce and Garding2. Accent 2 is distinguished from Accent 1 by being [+ delayed peak]; nuclear or focal accents are distinguished from nonnuclear ones by being [+ raised peak]. These descriptive statements are true independently of one another; that is, we can ignore the difference between Accent 1 and Accent 2 in order to make generalizations about nuclear accents, and by the same token we can ignore differences between nuclear and nonnuclear accents to generalize about the difference between Accent 1 and Accent 2.
She suggests that Standard Danish be re-analyzed in a fashion similar to her analysis of English - in terms of a sequence of pitch accents, consisting either of monotonal H or L accents or bitonal combinations of the two (connected with" +" in the transcriptions). In bitonal pitch accents, either of the tones may be the stronger one, lining up with the stressed syllable, leading or lagging behind a weaker tone. Tones aligned with stressed syllables are denoted with a star. 4 is an example [Pierrehumbert, personal communication] of the tonal representation of an utterance with different prominence relations between the two stressed syllables.
Prosody: Models and Measurements by D. Robert Ladd, Anne Cutler (auth.), Dr. Anne Cutler, Dr. D. Robert Ladd (eds.)