By Anton Steen
Political Elite and the recent Russia convincingly argues that even if reforms in Russia were initiated through these on the subject of the President, actually neighborhood and nationwide elites were the an important strategic actors in reshaping Russia's economic system, democratising its political approach and decentralising its administration.This publication analyses the position of elites below Yeltsin and Putin, discussing the level to which they shape a coherent political tradition, and the way a ways this tradition has been in line with, or at odds with, the reform rules of the Kremlin management.
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Additional info for Political Elites in the New Russia (Basees Curzon Series on Russian & East European Studies)
S (1997) conclusion in their study of Russian and Ukrainian elites that ‘trust in others plays a less important role in the establishment of a democratic political culture than previously suggested’, is relevant here. Those who were less trusting of others actually saw democracy as providing institutions that would regulate the harsh forms of elite competition. Paradoxically, those who distrusted elites expressed confidence in democratic institutions. Distrust between elites, which is a form of ‘specific orientation’, may be separated from the more ‘diffuse’ and basic confidence in democratic institutions.
Trust among leaders lends much of the substance to the functioning of political and social systems. In informal relations and networks, trust among the participants is a basic element for a stable exchange of views, information and give-and-take agreements. The inter-personal aspect of legitimacy is especially relevant in the Russian context, where the rules of the game and the institutions are not yet a fully integral part of political culture. 4 But what are the roots of legitimacy – are they to be found in support for institutions (‘the form’) or in support for leaders and their decisions (‘the content’)?
More important, the wave of enthusiastic support from leaders in both the state and non-state sectors has made the central power more legitimate among the Russian elites, thereby enhancing the possibilities for stable rule. Trust between leaders In the tradition of Almond and Verba (1965) and later Putnam (1993), a certain level of basic trust in other persons is a prerequisite for a democratic political culture. However, studies of mass attitudes in post-communist societies show that the trust level is low and indicate that trust in others is less significant for democratic development than the ‘political culture’ approach suggests (Miller 1993; Miller et al.
Political Elites in the New Russia (Basees Curzon Series on Russian & East European Studies) by Anton Steen