By Ann N. Michelini
This assortment, targeting literary elements of the Platonic dialogues, comprises stimulating and various essays by way of students from numerous various fields. Plato, the critic, satirist, and (perhaps) inventor of "rhetoric" framed his personal discourse in complicated methods. Republic is a mimetic textual content that provides a worldly research of many of the varieties of mimesis; Phaedrus, that includes embedded exemplars of beautiful prose variety, features a serious critique of literary authorship. Texts similar to those appear to call for the fullest assets of a cosmopolitan research of discourse. Essay issues contain friendship and hope within the Lysis, Socratic irony in Cratylus, secret imagery in Phaedrus, and the unusual sofa in e-book 10 of Republic. participants contain Michael Erler, David Gallop, Francisco Gonzalez, Charles Kahn, Andrea Nightingale, and Thomas Szlez?k.
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Additional info for Plato As Author: The Rhetoric of Philosophy (Cincinnati Classical Studies New Series)
This problem, dramatized in the prologue and thematized in the refutation of Menexenus, is the problem which the remainder of the discussion aims to solve. Socrates ﬁrst attempts the easy, Aristotelian solution: he attempts to account for philia in terms of a purely rec iprocal, symmetrical relation, ﬁrst suggesting the reciprocal relation 34 Contra Westermayer who, after characterizing this whole discussion as sophistry (1875, 47–48), simply asserts that Socrates is committed to the view that love must be reciprocal (50).
65 Hoerber (1959, 25–26) interprets these triads as alluding to three kinds of philia, parallel to the three kinds distinguished by Aristotle. I am suggesting that they instead allude to both the dialogue’s formal structure of thesis/antithesis/resolution and its characterization of friendship as a three-term relation. 66 Begemann’s exhaustive analysis of the logic of the Lysis also highlights the structure of “a dyad followed by a triad” in the main conversations (1960; see the English summary on 518).
MICHELINI_f3-14-44 12/26/02 12:57 PM Page 22 22 . 16 The connection between competition and friendship introduced by the prologue and developed by the dramatic action of the rest of the dialogue must of course have a bearing on the argument. A central dilemma of the dialogue, introduced after the refutation of Menexenus, is the following: does friendship occur between like and like or between opposites? Both suggestions are refuted (213d–216b). The characterization of friends as moral rivals suggested by the pro logue and drama of the dialogue, however, provides a middle ground between both opposed theses: as the passage from Aristotle quoted above shows, rivals must have the same goals and in this way must be alike or equal.
Plato As Author: The Rhetoric of Philosophy (Cincinnati Classical Studies New Series) by Ann N. Michelini