By Chinese Academy of Engineering National Academy of Engineering, National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Committee on the Future of Personal Transport Vehicles in China
This collaborative learn among the NRC and the chinese language Academy of Engineering (CAE) addresses the issues dealing with China within the subsequent 20 years, because it makes an attempt to supply own delivery wanted through hundreds of thousands of chinese language, whereas holding the surroundings and the livability of its towns. in line with music Jian, president of the CAE, the choice has already been taken to supply a average expense kinfolk automobile in China, so that it will vastly raise the variety of automobiles at the roads. This research explores the problems confronting the rustic, together with health and wellbeing matters, the problem to city parts, fairly the transforming into variety of megacities, environmental security, infrastructure specifications, and technological thoughts for chinese language cars. It attracts at the adventure of the U.S. and different international locations and evaluation version ways to city transportation and land use making plans. strategies and coverage offerings for China are defined intimately.
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Extra resources for Personal Cars and China
Because the overseas joint venture partners possess much of the automotive technology that would be needed by an indigenous Chinese industry, ways should be sought to enhance the sharing of intellectual property. This may require that the joint ventures be restructured to allow the Chinese partners to participate more fully in research and development, and Chinese enterprises may need to limit their partnerships each to one foreign company to maximize trust and confidence, with appropriate long-term sharing of technology and knowledge.
OTHER MOTORIZATION POLICY LESSONS FROM MARKET ECONOMIES Vehicle users pay many—but not all—of the costs of vehicle use in most countries. To ensure that personal vehicle use is not excessive, it is important that the prices paid by vehicle users reflect the full economic and social costs of vehicle use. When the personal vehicle user does not MOTORIZATION FROM A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE 21 pay these appropriate costs, often some new regulation must be applied to, for example, vehicle attributes, safety, insurance, emissions, and vehicle use so that the owner is forced to pay the costs.
Imported vehicles and auto parts will put competitive pressure on existing domestic producers and will likely lead to a reduction in the number of vehicle producers and the elimination of inefficient smaller firms. Exports of auto parts are likely to increase as both Chinese and international firms take advantage of China’s relatively low wage levels. CONCLUSION In contrast to the impressions of casual observers, China’s pattern of motorization is thus far very similar to that of other countries, and its overall motor vehicle fleet size is strongly associated with its growing income level.
Personal Cars and China by Chinese Academy of Engineering National Academy of Engineering, National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Committee on the Future of Personal Transport Vehicles in China