By Frank Kronenberg BSc(OT) BA(Ed), Nick Pollard DipCOT MA MSc, Dikaios Sakellariou BSc(OT) MSc(OT)
During this landmark textual content writers from all over the world talk about a plurality of occupation-based methods that explicitly recognize the complete capability of the paintings and technology of occupational treatment. The career is gifted as a political possibilities-based perform, interested by what concerns such a lot to humans in genuine lifestyles contexts, producing practice-based facts to counterpoint evidence-based perform. As those writers exhibit, occupational treatments are excess of, as a few serious perspectives have recommended, a monoculture of perform rooted in Western modernity.
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Additional info for Occupational Therapies without Borders, Volume 2: Towards an Ecology of Occupation-Based Practices
Alternative occupational therapy constitutes a political possibilities-based practice that engages with what matters most to people from all walks of life (including but not limited to those living with an 10 Created in Master PDF Editor - Demo Version Created in Master PDF Editor - Demo Version Introduction: courage to dance politics illness or disability) in their real-life contexts. The latter refers to the actual places and spaces where people live, work, love, play, and so on, and this includes cyber space.
These will be briefly explained and juxtaposed with examples on how they may play out in the daily practices of occupational therapists. Knowledge versus knowledges Where modern science – empiricism! – is privileged as a monoculture it becomes the sole criteria of truth, and where high culture privileges itself as a monoculture it becomes the only arbiter of esthetic quality. This process establishes a canon that is then used to determine values of, for example, truth, ignorance, or esthetic worth (Santos 2003, Soares & de Lima 2007), despite the reality that science progresses and cultures develop, so these values are not necessarily static.
So violent have these impositions been that some scholars refer to the process as one of ‘epistemicide’ (Coleman & Johnson 2008, p. 1). If the global and the universal are always understood to be more significant, then the particular and local can never be presented as credible interests. For occupational therapy the unwitting assumption of this monoculture can result in the failure to provide services which meet local needs, and is reinforced again by the narrow bases of the profession as we have just discussed, particularly the way the dominance of English as the lingua franca tends to prioritize evidence and theory in English over other sources, rendering the profession monoglossic because it cannot access other evidence (Pollard & Sakellariou 2008, see Chapter 6).
Occupational Therapies without Borders, Volume 2: Towards an Ecology of Occupation-Based Practices by Frank Kronenberg BSc(OT) BA(Ed), Nick Pollard DipCOT MA MSc, Dikaios Sakellariou BSc(OT) MSc(OT)