By Alexei Erko, Mourad Idir, Thomas Krist, Alan G. Michette
This quantity describes smooth advancements in reflective, refractive and diffractive optics for brief wavelength radiation in addition to contemporary theoretical techniques to modelling and ray-tracing the X-ray and neutron optical structures. it truly is in accordance with the joint study actions of experts in X-ray and neutron optics from eleven nations, operating jointly below the framework of the eu Programme for Cooperation in technology and expertise (COST, motion P7) within the interval 2002--2006. The chapters are written via top experts from eu laboratories, universities and big amenities. as well as new rules and ideas, the contents offer a large number of functional information regarding lately applied units and methods.
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Additional info for Modern developments in X-ray and neutron optics
38 F. Sch¨ afers (a) (b) Fig. 17. 5◦ , 10:1 demagniﬁcation) Fig. 18. 5◦ incidence toroidal mirror, 10:1 demagniﬁcation In the individual phases an interference pattern in the coma blurred wings becomes visible. 57) j an interference pattern becomes visible also in the intensity proﬁle (Fig. 18). This proﬁle looks very similar to the results obtained with programs on 2 The BESSY Raytrace Program RAY 39 the basis of Fourier-Optics (see this book ) and shows the potential of a conventional raytrace program in treating interference eﬀects.
30] and Klein/Furtak  has been used. 3: For example, for the case of synchrotrons and storage rings, the radiation that is emitted oﬀ-plane, upwards, has negative helicity, right-handed CP (S3 = −1), when the electrons are travelling clockwise, as seen from the top. g. 4): • Mirrors, Foils The optical properties of mirrors, multilayers, ﬁlters, gratings and crystals are calculated from the compilation of atomic scattering factors in the spectral range from 30 eV to 30 keV . Another data set covers the Xray range from 5 up to 50 keV .
6). In Chap. 7 crystal diﬀraction optics employing dynamical theory is described. Looking ahead, in ‘Outlook’, the time evolution of the rays to describe wave, coherence and interference phenomena is discussed (Chap. 8). This extension of the program and the implementation of the zoneplate optics [12, 13] have been made possible by support through the COST-P7 action and intensive discussions during the COST meetings. The complete code is available as a PC-Windows version. 2 Beamline Design and Modelling The raytracing program RAY simulates the imaging and focussing properties of an optical system.
Modern developments in X-ray and neutron optics by Alexei Erko, Mourad Idir, Thomas Krist, Alan G. Michette