By Catherine Rudin (auth.), Frank Heny, Barry Richards (eds.)
VIrtually all of the papers in those volumes originated in displays on the Fourth Groningen around desk, held in July 1980. That convention, organ ized by way of the Institute for common linguistics of Groningen college used to be the fourth in an abnormal sequence of conferences dedicated to problems with topical curiosity to linguists. Its predecessor, the 3rd around desk, was once held in June 1976, and handled the semantics of common language. a range of the papers was once released as Syntax and Semantics 10, decisions from the 3rd Groningen around desk, ed. by way of F. Heny and H. Schnelle, educational Press, 1979. This fourth assembly used to be extra narrowly focussed. the unique goal used to be to ascertain the speculation of Akrnajian, Steele and Wasow of their paper 'The type AUX in common Grammar', Linguistic Inquiry 10, 1-64. eventually the subject used to be broadened significantly to surround not just the syntax, semantics and morphology of auxiliaries and similar components, yet to take on the matter (implicit within the unique paintings of Akmajian, Steele and Wasow) of justifying the choice of different types for the research of traditional language. in the summertime of 1979, a workshop and brief, casual convention have been held on the college of Salzburg, in coaching for the around desk. those have been equipped along with the summer season Institute of the linguistic Society of the United States. The cooperation of the LSA and of the college of Salzburg, and particularly of the Director of that Institute, Professor Gaberell Drachman, is hereby gratefully acknowledged.
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Additional resources for Linguistic Categories: Auxiliaries and Related Puzzles: Volume One: Categories
Hale (1973) posits an AUX constituent of imperative sentences in Walbiri that is distinct from AUX in declarative sentences. If this interpretation of AlQ( can be justified, AUX as a [-Major] category could be assimilated into X theory with no 'theory-weakening' consequences. University ofArizona NOTES 1 I thank Adrian Akmajian and Susan Steele for very helpful criticisms of earlier versions of this paper. The analysis of Egyptian Arabic given here stems from their work on th~ category AUX across languages.
Ladusaw, Horn, Linebarger and Carlson. Further, Horn (1970) points out the variation in the behavior of NPl's in different affective environments. Ross and Lawler also have discussed polarity 'squishes' in unpublished work. Linebarger (1981, p. 67f) mentions this feature explicitly, saying that it is presumably " ... caused by the varying 'strength' or 'liberality' of different NPl's and by the varying availability of the appropriate implicature" (p. 68). The non-discrete nature of polarity also seems to playa role in Fauconnier's notion of pragmatic scales.
Makans naayim NEG-be 3ms. sleeping PAST ACTPARTms. He wasn't sleeping. c. ml$aykuns naayim NEG-be 3ms. sleeping FUTURE ACT PART ms. He won't be sleeping. Since the 'negative pronouns' are neither verbs, predicates, nor bound pronominal affIXes, but pronominal elements appearing in AUX where NEG attachment occurs, none of the generalizations in (53, 54, 55) is adequate, and reference to the AUX constituent, as in (50), is required for an adequate statement of the conditions on the appearance of independent subjects.
Linguistic Categories: Auxiliaries and Related Puzzles: Volume One: Categories by Catherine Rudin (auth.), Frank Heny, Barry Richards (eds.)