By Eli Faber
In the wake of the civil rights move, an exceptional divide has spread out among African American and Jewish groups. What used to be traditionally a harmonious and supportive dating has suffered from a strong and oft-repeated legend, that Jews managed and masterminded the slave alternate and owned slaves on a wide scale, good in far more than their very own percentage within the population.
In this groundbreaking publication, more likely to stand because the definitive notice at the topic, Eli Faber cuts via this cloud of mystification to recapture a major bankruptcy in either Jewish and African diasporic history.
Focusing at the British empire, Faber assesses the level to which Jews participated within the establishment of slavery via funding in slave buying and selling businesses, possession of slave ships, advertisement job as retailers who offered slaves upon their arrival from Africa, and direct possession of slaves. His remarkable unique study using transport and tax documents, stock-transfer ledgers, censuses, slave registers, and synagogue files finds, as soon as and for all, the minimum nature of Jews' involvement within the subjugation of Africans within the Americas.
A the most important corrective, Jews, Slaves, and the Slave Trade lays to leisure the most contested historic controversies of our time.
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Additional info for Jews, Slaves, and the Slave Trade: Setting the Record Straight
ENGLAND’S JEWISH MERCHANTS AND THE SLAVE TRADE 17 ever, their contributions to the sugar industry were far more signiﬁcant when it came to providing capital, exporting sugar, and advancing credit for slaves. ’’ To be sure, all slave imports from Africa were in the hands of the Dutch West India Company, which under the terms of its charter held the monopoly to the slave trade. 16 Their communal regulations acknowledged their participation in slavery. The taxes the Jewish community imposed on its members included a levy of ﬁve soldos for each slave purchased from the Dutch West India Company.
Thirty-three owned 1 vessel, 11 owned 2, 2 owned 5, 1 owned 6, and 2 owned 7, while the names of the owners of 2 vessels are not known. 111 However, lists of primary owners account for only part of the story. Although shipping in eighteenth-century England was at times owned by individual entrepreneurs, the more usual form of maritime ownership occurred through partnerships formed for a particular venture. 112 It is highly unlikely, however, that Jews ﬁgured in any consequential manner as small investors in slave ships.
By 1730, the debilitated corporation required an annual subsidy to run the forts and trading facilities it operated in Africa, ironically for the beneﬁt of the free traders who had always been its bane. Parliament allocated £10,000 annually beginning in 1730, but by 1746 the Company’s debts were so high, its credit so low, and the forts in such a state of deterioration that other arrangements had to be made. 93 Under the terms of its charter, nine directors were to administer the new company, three from each of the English ports that traded with Africa.
Jews, Slaves, and the Slave Trade: Setting the Record Straight by Eli Faber