By Roger D. Congleton
Do constitutions subject? Are constitutions easily symbols of the political instances at which they have been followed, or do they systematically have an effect on the process public coverage? Are the coverage crises of failing democracies the results of undesirable success or of primary difficulties linked to the most important and minor constitutional reforms followed in the course of their contemporary histories?
The function of the current learn is to handle those questions utilizing a mix of thought, heritage, and statistical research. The Swedish event offers a virtually excellent laboratory during which to check the results of constitutional reform. up to now two hundred years, Swedish governance has shifted from a king-dominated method with an unelected four-chamber parliament to a bicameral legislature elected with wealth-weighted vote casting in 1866, after which to a brand new electoral method in keeping with proportional illustration and common suffrage in 1920, and eventually to a unicameral parliamentary process in 1970. a majority of these radical reorganizations of Swedish governance have been finished peacefully utilizing formal modification techniques tested through past constitutions.
By concentrating on constitutional matters instead of Sweden's political historical past, this publication extends our realizing of constitutional reform and parliamentary democracy commonly.
Read Online or Download Improving Democracy Through Constitutional Reform: Some Swedish Lessons PDF
Best democracy books
From 1993 to 1995, Frederick Quinn traveled the countries of jap Europe and relevant Asia to aid leaders construct new judicial structures in response to the guideline of legislations. As he traveled, he stored a magazine of his reports. a latest Black Lamb and gray Falcon, this account of the author's encounters with everybody from presidents to guerrillas bargains a trenchant and infrequently poignant view of those turbulent areas.
The kids of sunshine and the kids of Darkness, first released in 1944, is taken into account the most profound and correct works through the influential theologian Reinhold Niebuhr, and definitely the fullest assertion of his political philosophy. Written and primary learn through the lengthy, tragic international struggle among totalitarian and democratic forces, Niebuhr’s ebook took up the well timed query of the way democracy as a political approach may perhaps top be defended.
Egypt's autocratic regime is being weakened through fiscal crises, transforming into political competition, and the pressures of globalization. Observers now ask yourself which method Egypt will cross whilst the country's getting older president, Husni Mubarak, passes from the scene: will it include Western-style liberalism and democracy?
Democracy, loose inspiration and expression, spiritual tolerance, person liberty, political self-determination of peoples, sexual and racial equality--these values have firmly entered the mainstream within the a long time because they have been enshrined within the 1948 U. N. announcement of Human Rights. but when those beliefs not appear radical at the present time, their beginning used to be very radical indeed--far extra so than such a lot historians were keen to acknowledge.
- Rethinking the Atlantic World: Europe and America in the Age of Democratic Revolutions
- The Democratic Paradox
- The Calculus of Consent.The Logical Foundations of Constitutional Democracy
- Prisoner of the State: The Secret Journal of Premier Zhao Ziyang
Extra info for Improving Democracy Through Constitutional Reform: Some Swedish Lessons
28 A person's ideology differs from many personal rules of thumb because of its broad sweep and because, in most cases, an individual's ideology is not, and perhaps cannot be, based entirely on direct personal experience. Much of personal knowledge is a synthesis of opinions expressed by persons deemed to be experts and by one's immediate family, friends, and neighbors. Most of us believe in many facts and theories-the ice age, Antarctica, Aristotle, subatomic particles, chemistry, quantum mechanics, evolutionwithout significant direct knowledge or experience with them, because others 28 Herbert Simon's 1978 Nobel Prize in economics was awarded in large part for his effort to understand better how individuals, especially within firms, use rules of thumb, heuristics, and other decision rules to make decisions.
Suffrage was very limited in Sweden during the first two major constitutional reforms. However, policy and constitutional revolutions were accomplished in Swe32 Micheletti (1995, pp. 33-44); Milner (1989, pp. 56-57). See Congleton (1991b) for an analysis of how economic and ideological interest groups compete with each other to influence voters who are open to persuasion. 33 Some threat of mob action evidently occurred in the period before the 1920 electoral reforms that ended weighted voting and extended the vote to women, although it is not clear whether it influenced parliamentary deliberations significantly.
In 1957, for the first time in many years, the nonsocialists held a majority (119) in the second chamber, but the Social Democrats maintained control of government through their first chamber dominance (with 79 members). After 30 years, the political "shoe" was now on the other foot, as the first chamber, fonnerly the stronghold of the nonsocialists, became the redoubt of the Social Democrats. This state of affairs was used by the nonsocialists to urge additional reform of parliament. They argued specifically for a unicameral government and new constraints on governance.
Improving Democracy Through Constitutional Reform: Some Swedish Lessons by Roger D. Congleton