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Fighting Traffic: The Dawn of the Motor Age in the American by Peter D. Norton PDF

By Peter D. Norton

ISBN-10: 0262141000

ISBN-13: 9780262141000

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Before the appearance of the auto, clients of urban streets have been various and incorporated little ones at play and pedestrians at huge. by means of 1930, so much streets have been essentially a motor thoroughfares the place childrens didn't belong and the place pedestrians have been condemned as "jaywalkers." In struggling with Traffic, Peter Norton argues that to deal with cars, the yank urban required not just a actual swap but additionally a social one: earlier than town might be reconstructed for the sake of motorists, its streets needed to be socially reconstructed as areas the place motorists belonged. It used to be no longer an evolution, he writes, yet a bloody and infrequently violent revolution.

Norton describes how highway clients struggled to outline and redefine what streets have been for. He examines advancements within the an important transitional years from the 1910s to the Nineteen Thirties, uncovering a extensive anti-automobile crusade that reviled motorists as "road hogs" or "speed demons" and automobiles as "juggernauts" or "death cars." He considers the views of all users--pedestrians, police (who needed to turn into "traffic cops"), highway railways, downtown companies, site visitors engineers (who frequently observed autos because the challenge, now not the solution), and vehicle promoters. He reveals that pedestrians and fogeys campaigned in ethical phrases, struggling with for "justice." towns and downtown companies attempted to control site visitors within the identify of "efficiency."

Automotive curiosity teams, in the meantime, legitimized their declare to the streets via invoking "freedom"--a rhetorical stance of specific strength within the usa. scuffling with site visitors bargains a brand new examine either the origins of the car urban in the United States and the way social teams form technological change.

Peter D. Norton is Assistant Professor within the division of technological know-how, know-how, and Society on the college of Virginia.

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Extra info for Fighting Traffic: The Dawn of the Motor Age in the American City (Inside Technology)

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However, a new coalition of Austria, Russia, Turkey, and Great Britain won great successes during the spring and summer of 1799 and drove 54 7 Liberalism 7 Jacobin Club The Society of the Friends of the Constitution, or the Society of the Jacobins, Friends of Liberty and Equality, was the most famous political group of the French Revolution. It was commonly called the Jacobin Club because its sessions were held in a former convent of the Dominicans, who were known in Paris as Jacobins. The group, which became identified with extreme egalitarianism and violence, led the Revolutionary government from mid-1793 to mid-1794.

But the individual also has rights apart from his role as citizen. These rights 31 7 The Britannica Guide to Political and Social Movements That Changed the Modern World 7 secure his personal safety and hence his protection from arbitrary arrest and punishment. Beyond these rights are those that preserve large areas of privacy. In a liberal democracy there are affairs that do not concern the state. Such affairs may range from the practice of religion to the creation of art and the raising of children by their parents.

Disappointed by Parliament’s attitude, the Levelers turned directly to the people—and to the New Model Army. In April 1647 the army rank and file elected agitators who were largely influenced by Leveler ideas. The generals had to accept an army council that included these ordinary soldiers, as well as officers. At Putney, in October 1647, this representative body discussed the Agreement of the People, a document presented by the Levelers as a new social contract to reestablish the state that had been dissolved by Parliament’s victory in the Civil War.

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Fighting Traffic: The Dawn of the Motor Age in the American City (Inside Technology) by Peter D. Norton

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