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By L. Eric Cross (auth.), Prof. N. Setter, Dr. E. L. Colla (eds.)

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Pat. S. Pat. S. Pat. S. Pat. S. Pat. S. Pat. S. Pat. S. Pat. S. Pat. 4,339,544 (1982) Ref. S. Pat. S. Pat. 4,450,240 (1984) Ref. S. Pat. 4,544,644 (1985) Ref. K. K. Pat. 2,126,575 (1984) Japan Pat. 59-107959 (1984) Japan Pat. 59-203759 (1984) Japan Pat. 59-111201 (1984) Ref. S. Pat. 4,550,088 (1985) Ref. 14 Refs. 15-17 Ref. 18 Ref. 19 Japan Pat. 61-155245 (1986) Japan Pat. 61-250904 (1986) Ref. S. Pat. 4,716,134 (1987) Japan Pat. 62-115817 (1986) Ref. S. Pat. 4,767,732 (1988) Matsushita Refs. c II -40 ~ ·u -60 , \ , \ \ \ " o Co 8 39 -BO BaTi03 ..

If the dmij constants are zero due to symmetry as for example in a centric crystal, the residual effect is electrostrictive and at zero stress Xij = Mmnij Em En . Now the strain is a quadratic function of the applied stress. e. the elastic stress dependence of the dielectric susceptibility. 1 which models a polar crystal of the perovskite lead titanate in its single domain ferroelectric form. To simplify the description it is assumed that the polarization resides in the Ti4+ ion as in Ferroelectric Ceramics: Tailoring Properties for Specific Applications 49 BaTi03 and the lead ion displacements are neglected.

27 Ferroelectric Ceramics: Tailoring Properties for Specific Applications NANOSCALE CHEMISTRY Normal PZT - Type R"oIOtS Por1itioninll and oll,mpt to Ion II ro~, order Random IOlid IOlution _ 5 n m - - -..... • Som. cole inlO Nb and Mil rich r'lIion, 'allowed by lonll ronlle orderlnll in Mil riCh "Ilion,. ot"'octorily known. mi'try oCII 10 localize polar behavior . 19: Nanoscale ordering in Lead Magnesium niobate compared to a disordered PZT solid solution. r. ~. "/~'.. ,~~ , • ••• J- . ,. I. · t·" • ' ..

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Ferroelectric Ceramics: Tutorial reviews, theory, processing, and applications by L. Eric Cross (auth.), Prof. N. Setter, Dr. E. L. Colla (eds.)


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