By L. Eric Cross (auth.), Prof. N. Setter, Dr. E. L. Colla (eds.)
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Additional info for Ferroelectric Ceramics: Tutorial reviews, theory, processing, and applications
Pat. S. Pat. S. Pat. S. Pat. S. Pat. S. Pat. S. Pat. S. Pat. S. Pat. 4,339,544 (1982) Ref. S. Pat. S. Pat. 4,450,240 (1984) Ref. S. Pat. 4,544,644 (1985) Ref. K. K. Pat. 2,126,575 (1984) Japan Pat. 59-107959 (1984) Japan Pat. 59-203759 (1984) Japan Pat. 59-111201 (1984) Ref. S. Pat. 4,550,088 (1985) Ref. 14 Refs. 15-17 Ref. 18 Ref. 19 Japan Pat. 61-155245 (1986) Japan Pat. 61-250904 (1986) Ref. S. Pat. 4,716,134 (1987) Japan Pat. 62-115817 (1986) Ref. S. Pat. 4,767,732 (1988) Matsushita Refs. c II -40 ~ ·u -60 , \ , \ \ \ " o Co 8 39 -BO BaTi03 ..
If the dmij constants are zero due to symmetry as for example in a centric crystal, the residual effect is electrostrictive and at zero stress Xij = Mmnij Em En . Now the strain is a quadratic function of the applied stress. e. the elastic stress dependence of the dielectric susceptibility. 1 which models a polar crystal of the perovskite lead titanate in its single domain ferroelectric form. To simplify the description it is assumed that the polarization resides in the Ti4+ ion as in Ferroelectric Ceramics: Tailoring Properties for Specific Applications 49 BaTi03 and the lead ion displacements are neglected.
27 Ferroelectric Ceramics: Tailoring Properties for Specific Applications NANOSCALE CHEMISTRY Normal PZT - Type R"oIOtS Por1itioninll and oll,mpt to Ion II ro~, order Random IOlid IOlution _ 5 n m - - -..... • Som. cole inlO Nb and Mil rich r'lIion, 'allowed by lonll ronlle orderlnll in Mil riCh "Ilion,. ot"'octorily known. mi'try oCII 10 localize polar behavior . 19: Nanoscale ordering in Lead Magnesium niobate compared to a disordered PZT solid solution. r. ~. "/~'.. ,~~ , • ••• J- . ,. I. · t·" • ' ..
Ferroelectric Ceramics: Tutorial reviews, theory, processing, and applications by L. Eric Cross (auth.), Prof. N. Setter, Dr. E. L. Colla (eds.)