By Geerten J. I. Schrama (auth.), Geerten J. I. Schrama (eds.)
Agricultural pollutants (with nitrates and insecticides) is among the largest threats to ingesting water assets. At many locations neighborhood and native water gurus, including the water offer undefined, are fascinated about preventive motion aimed toward farming practices. 3 nationwide case experiences (Germany, The Netherlands, and the uk) examine those efforts in the context of not easy nationwide agricultural coverage and the necessity to enforce european directives on water caliber. extra case reports hide the function of the eu Union, whereas an analogous challenge in a unique environment is analysed for the us. The valuable query of the way nationwide and ecu governments can make stronger the keep watch over capability of the actors on the neighborhood and native point, is taken care of from the theoretical standpoint of the coverage community approach.
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Extra info for Drinking Water Supply and Agricultural Pollution: Preventive Action by the Water Supply Sector in the European Union and the United States
Communicative steering involves the application of communicative policy instruments, the dissemination of information that should affect behavior. Referring to pure forms, Propper (1992) stresses the aspect of 'self commitment' based on information provided, with no decisive role being played by economic incentives or legal enforcement. The idea is that people are motivated by their sense of social responsibility, and that the policy aims to encourage these motivational processes. Pure communicative strategies, however, are rare and it is doubtful whether any communicative strategy that appeals solely to social responsibility, and not to legal compliance or economic rationality, can be effective at all (cf.
A. (1993) Beleidsnetwerken en instrumentenkeuze. Beleidswetenschap, 7: 309-330. A. ) Beleidsinstrumenten in het beleidsproces. In: P. ), Milieubeleid. Een beleidswetenschappelijke inleiding, pp: 125-142. 's Gravenhage: VUGA. , D. M. Kuks (1994) Policy networks in Dutch water policy. Environmental Politics, 3 (4): 24-51. J. Klok (1987) Grondslagen voor een instrumententheorie. Beleidswetenschap, I: 7797. J. Klok (1988) Fundamentals for a theory of policy instruments. M. Kuks (1992) The agricultural policy-network and environmental policy.
The 'first order' is constituted by the policy subsystem, which can be described as an institutionalized network in which overt conflicts of interests and diverging values and perceptions may occur - typical characteristics of issue networks. 4 POLICY NETWORKS AND POLICY ISSUES The present concern is not the whole field of agricultural policy, for we are dealing with some particular policy issues in the subfield of agricultural water pollution. So the question is, how does one delineate the prevailing policy network (or subsystem), and how can one decide whether this network actually exists?
Drinking Water Supply and Agricultural Pollution: Preventive Action by the Water Supply Sector in the European Union and the United States by Geerten J. I. Schrama (auth.), Geerten J. I. Schrama (eds.)