By Peride K. Blind
This booklet consists of out a scientific research of the consequences of financial globalization on democratization. the writer reviews the labour associations of Turkey and Argentina from 3 standards of inner functioning, exterior participation, and structural association.
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Extra info for Democratic Institutions of Undemocratic Individuals: Privatizations, Labor, and Democracy in Turkey and Argentina
Although the main determinants of the democratization process in Turkey, as anywhere else in the world, are political, politics has not operated in isolation from the economic arena. Much to the contrary, economics has always greatly influenced the political process of democratization in different and important ways. It has done so with the political effects of consecutive economic crises as well as the social impact of various belt-tightening structural adjustment 34 DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS plans implemented under the guidance of international financial institutions.
This has made Turkish workers less fearful politically in terms of mobilizing to defy the privatizing authorities. The lack of any fear of hyperinflation, in turn, has made them more flexible economically and less violent socially when contesting the changes brought about by privatizations. These and other characteristics of Turkish labor unions and workers are apparent in the following historical analysis of labor developments in Turkey. THE TURKISH POLITICAL CONTEXT: A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE While the scope of analysis here is limited to the context of labor, one needs to understand the complex social, political, and economic underpinnings of the Ottoman system to better grasp the evolution of the Turkish labor movement.
Studying labor institutions not only helps us appreciate how legacies of existing institutions shape privatizations, but also reveals how new legacies themselves are created by processes of privatizations. As Thomas Carothers (2002) writes, "Democracy promoters need to take a serious interest in privatizations to make a credible case to economists that they should have a place at the table when such programs are being planned" (19). One way to do that is to look at how unions as institutions and workers as individuals respond to the challenges posed by privatizations.
Democratic Institutions of Undemocratic Individuals: Privatizations, Labor, and Democracy in Turkey and Argentina by Peride K. Blind