By Slavoj Žižek, Giorgio Agamben, Alain Badiou, Jean-Luc Nancy, Jacques Rancière, Wendy Brown, Kristin Ross, Daniel Bensaïd
"Is it significant to name oneself a democrat? And if that is so, how do you interpret the word?"
In responding to this query, 8 iconoclastic thinkers end up the wealthy strength of democracy, besides its severe weaknesses, and reconceive the perform to house new political and cultural realities. Giorgio Agamben strains the demanding background of constitutions and their coexistence with a number of governments. Alain Badiou contrasts present democratic perform with democratic communism. Daniel Bensaid ponders the institutionalization of democracy, whereas Wendy Brown discusses the democratization of society lower than neoliberalism. Jean-Luc Nancy measures the variation among democracy as a kind of rule and as a human finish, and Jacques Rancière highlights its egalitarian nature. Kristin Ross identifies hierarchical relationships inside democratic perform, and Slavoj Zizek complicates the excellence among those that wish to personal the country and people who desire to do with out it.
Concentrating at the classical roots of democracy and its altering which means over the years and inside of varied contexts, those essays uniquely guard what's left of the left-wing culture after the autumn of Soviet communism. They confront disincentives to lively democratic participation that experience triggered voter turnout to say no in western international locations, they usually tackle electoral indifference via invoking and reviving the culture of citizen involvement. Passionately written and theoretically wealthy, this assortment speaks to all elements of recent political and democratic debate.
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Additional resources for Democracy in What State? (New Directions in Critical Theory)
The selling of the Keynesian theory of debt burden, which we shall examine in the next chapter, was a necessary first step in bringing about a democracy in deficit. Fiscal Principles and Keynesian Economic Theory There was a genuine ‘‘Keynesian revolution’’ in fiscal principles, the effects of which we attempt to chronicle in this book. But we should not overlook the fact that this fiscal revolution was embedded within the more comprehensive Keynesian theory of economic process. As Chapters 3 and 4 will discuss in some detail, there was a shift in the vision or paradigm for the operation of the whole economy.
Each part of the modified discipline carried with it implicit norms for social policy. Microeconomics, the rechristened traditional price theory, implicitly elevates allocative efficiency to a position as the dominant norm, and applications of theory here have usually involved demonstrations of the efficiency-producing or efficiency-retarding properties of particular institutional arrangements. Macroeconomics, the Keynesian consequence, elevates high-level output and employment to its position of normative dominance, with little or no indicated regard to the efficiency with which resources are utilized.
Once this model for an economy is accepted to be analytically descriptive, even if major quibbles over details of interpretation persist, the overall direction of the economy by governmental or political control becomes almost morally imperative. There is a necessary interventionist bias which stems from the analytical basis of macroeconomics, a bias that is inherent in the paradigm First, the Academic Scribblers 31 itself and which need not be at all related to the ideological persuasion of the economist practitioner.
Democracy in What State? (New Directions in Critical Theory) by Slavoj Žižek, Giorgio Agamben, Alain Badiou, Jean-Luc Nancy, Jacques Rancière, Wendy Brown, Kristin Ross, Daniel Bensaïd