By Paolo Baldi, Uwe Hasebrink
European media is experiencing a paradoxical type of development: as media shops surge and new applied sciences advance, significant broadcasting businesses are consolidating like by no means sooner than. In Broadcasters and electorate in Europe, an esteemed crew of participants examine what this paradox may suggest for the ecu neighborhood. Are broadcasting audiences higher expert than they have been two decades in the past? and the way has the appearance of the ecu Union replaced media practices? This crucial quantity explores a brand new media international within the context of a continent in flux.
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Extra info for Broadcasters and Citizens in Europe: Trends in Media Accountability and Viewer Participation
The major official reports on broadcasting policy of the last sixty years (notably the Beveridge 1951, Pilkington 1962, Annan 1977 and Peacock 1986 Reports) advanced very different views on how far broadcasters (and the BBC in particular) should be accountable to users and what sort of governance regime should be used. qxd 10/10/06 11:41 Page 39 UK BROADCASTING POLICY: THE “LONG WAVE” SHIFT IN CONCEPTIONS OF ACCOUNTABILITY | engagement with this matter could not be said to be either comprehensive or far reaching.
On the question of exit, Barry Cox4 has argued: “It [the BBC] is in effect a self-perpetuating department of state but without an elected politician at the head of it….. it is funded by tax payers’ money but…. Is granted more money than it needs to do the job….. I don’t mean that the BBC is part of the government… It’s worse than that. We can at least get rid of the government”. (Cox 2004: 60) Cox refers to the BBC’s chief source of finance, the licence fee, which must be paid by all lawful UK television viewers whether or not they actually watch BBC broadcasts.
Authorities do not even have the possibility – if they wish – to interact with representatives of civil societies, as viewer organizations do not exist. A second dominant feature is the general weakness of the media regulatory framework. g. g. Wrestling in daytime raised a public debate) and in some other cases – Czech Republic – laws are simply not good enough to be effective. An additional problem is that the law often is not concise enough and that the definitions provided are too weak. For example, there was a complaint about a children’s programme of the biggest private broadcaster TV Nova and the Council imposed a penalty of 1,000,000 Kronen (approx.
Broadcasters and Citizens in Europe: Trends in Media Accountability and Viewer Participation by Paolo Baldi, Uwe Hasebrink