Download e-book for iPad: A Measure of Wealth: The English Land Tax in Historical by Donald E. Ginter

By Donald E. Ginter

ISBN-10: 0773507299

ISBN-13: 9780773507296

Ginter makes a speciality of the years 1780 to 1832, a interval for which many land tax files live to tell the tale and accurately while sleek kinds of political association started to emerge and whilst industrialization and enclosure are notion to have altered the cloth of society and the economic system. via an exam of greater than 5,000 parishes in fifteen historic counties -- nearly one-third of britain -- he indicates that inequalities within the burden of nationwide taxation have been a long way more than someone has predicted. Having researched either neighborhood and nationwide taxation approaches, he finds that, at the eve of the nineteenth-century "Revolution in Government," the tenantry and yeomanry have been administratively way more self sufficient of parliamentary statute and in their neighborhood gentry and magistracy than has formerly been instructed. Drawing on proof from the 3 ridings of Yorkshire, he discloses different difficulties linked to the land tax duplicates. whereas Ginter argues that the land tax duplicates are completely insufficient for the examine of the fortunes of the small yeoman and that the literature in this topic has to be essentially reconsidered, he unearths a mode that may reliably make the most the land tax duplicates as a systemic documentation. He contends that the whole capability for reviews established centrally at the land tax has scarcely began to be explored.

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Extra resources for A Measure of Wealth: The English Land Tax in Historical Analysis

Example text

The nation had fundamentally and systematically become a different sort of place. All forms of significant structural change that occurred in England during the century following the accession of George III were analytically a subset, an aspect, of a sweeping transformation of traditional society. Industrial change was merely the leading edge of that revolution. Toynbee specifically included an agricultural revolution within that larger context of change and linked it to the processes of industrialization.

The former interpretation is supported for some proportion of cases by the frequent incidence of such entries as "sundry persons" or "his tenants" in the occupier column. On some duplicates the tax entries represent only quarterly or half-yearly rather than yearly amounts. In rare cases a duplicate will report only valuational rents in the tax column, without identifying them as such. Redeemed entries, which no longer required collection, are sometimes quietly omitted. Quite frequently the individual assessments will not add up to the total for the township recorded at the bottom of the duplicate.

When we look more broadly at what actually happened to quotas in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, a slightly different story emerges. The great majority of quotas remained unaltered, but not all. Quotas seem to have been reduced during the first two decades of the nineteenth century throughout the North Riding of Yorkshire in all of those townships which had customarily imposed the land tax on government offices. The "land tax" was not at its inception designed to be only a tax on land.

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A Measure of Wealth: The English Land Tax in Historical Analysis by Donald E. Ginter

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