By Irina Nikolaeva
The booklet is the 1st great description of Tundra Nenets, a Uralic language spoken in Western Siberia and the north of ecu Russia. It offers a long-lasting piece of documentation of this hugely endangered language. For a language as little researched as Nenets, any element of grammar may well end up to be of strength value for the sphere of linguistics and switch out to be theoretically hard.
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Extra info for A Grammar of Tundra Nenets
First, negation does not follow the adjectival pattern. 2). Thus, to express the meaning ‘a man without a bag, a man not having a bag’ it is not possible to say *nʹi-nʹa pad°-sawey° nʹenecʹ°h (NEG-IMPF. PART bag-PROPR person), the equivalent expression is pad°-sʹada nʹenecʹ°h (bag-V. PART person). g. nʹi-nʹa wər-cawey° ‘not dirty’. e. g. səwa pad°-sawey° nʹenecʹ°h (good bagPROPR person) ‘the man with a good bag’. g. nʹax°r pad°sawey° ‘with three bags’. Apart from proprietives, nouns have the similative form in -rəxa, which also displays mixed properties of nouns and adjectives.
Second, the glottal stops show the following alternations. e. g. toxoq ‘cloth’ vs. toxo-ta ( G. 3SG > SG. OBJ; this indicates the 3rd person singular subject participant acting upon the singular direct object participant. 2 are not indicated in glosses, that is, the primary and secondary stem of the same word is glossed identically. For instance, the primary stem of the verb xada- ‘to kill’ is xada- and the secondary stem (the so-called ‘general ﬁnite stem’) is either xadaə- or xadaŋa-, depending on the nature of the following morpheme, but in all instances the stem is simply glossed as ‘kill’.
A Grammar of Tundra Nenets by Irina Nikolaeva
G. 3SG > SG. OBJ; this indicates the 3rd person singular subject participant acting upon the singular direct object participant. 2 are not indicated in glosses, that is, the primary and secondary stem of the same word is glossed identically. For instance, the primary stem of the verb xada- ‘to kill’ is xada- and the secondary stem (the so-called ‘general ﬁnite stem’) is either xadaə- or xadaŋa-, depending on the nature of the following morpheme, but in all instances the stem is simply glossed as ‘kill’.